Quantity and quality of excess materials and material demand in area 1e4, 2020e2030.Back to list
The model results for material quality are presented in Fig. 8 with more details. The demand for fill, permeable layers and base layer within each area is considerably lower than the surplus materials, indicating the possibility of using excess rock from both residential and non-residential construction as well as the highway project.
Coordinating soil and rock material in urban construction – Scenario analysis of material flows and greenhouse gas emissions
Magnusson et al.