Energy balance throughout the year for a typical building in the area. Gains and heating loads are shown as positive values, while losses and cooling loads are shown as negative values.

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For the baseline case, buildings start cooling earlier, but the demand is considerably lower during the day. For all buildings in the area, the inclusion of microclimate data causes the cooling loads at midday to be higher due to the higher outdoor temperature. The CEA demand model does not account for wind’s convective effects on the building envelope, and wind speed only affects infiltration and ventilation. Thus, the high variation in wind speed does not cause much of an effect in terms of energy demand in the buildings, as all buildings are highly airtight (Figure 3).